A Prime Number is a positive Integer where its only factors are 1 and itself. Here are the first 25 prime numbers:

2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79, 83, 89, 97, ........

Facts:

  1. 2 is the only even prime number
  2. There are [set|countably infinite] prime numbers

Proof for Countably-Infinite Cardinality of Prime Numbers

The traditional proof that there are countably infinite prime numbers is Euclid's proof by contradiction. The simplified version goes as follows:

Assume that there are not infinitely many primes. Multiply all of the primes together and add one. This new number can not be divided by a prime number, so either it or one of its factors is a new prime. Therefore, there must not be finitely many primes.

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